'''Francis Parkman, Jr.''' (September 16, 1823 – November 8, 1893) was an American historian, best known as author of ''The Oregon Trail: Sketches of Prairie and Rocky-Mountain Life
'' and his monumental seven-volume ''France and England in North America
.'' These works are still valued as historical sources and as literature. He was also a leading horticulture|horticulturist
, briefly a professor of Horticulture at Harvard University
and author of several books on the topic. Parkman was a trustee of the Boston Athenæum
from 1858 until his death in 1893.